San Antonio Oeste
This city is located in the Gulf of San Mat√≠as, province of R√≠o Negro. History narrates that a Spanish expedition arrived at the Gulf on February the 18th, 1520, San Mat√≠as day. Hence its name.
San Antonio was named after San Antonio Abad day, when Spanish lieutenant Pedro Garc√≠a arrived at these¬† shores on January the 17th, 1779. However the first settlements took place at the end of the 19th. century in the area called Saco Viejo, where the Port of San Antonio Este sits today.
The population moved to the western sector of the cove because of the lack of water. July the 10th, 1905 is considered the foundation date of San Antonio Oeste.
At the beginning of the thirties this natural port became very important for Patagonia and specially the then R√≠o Negro Territory, but gradually lost importance due to the arrival of the railway from Buenos Aires to Bariloche
and San Antonio as an intermediate station.
In 1944, the port ceased its activities. Presently, it operates with a minimal fishing activity and the deep water port was inaugurated in the east bank.
San Antonio Oeste has a population of 18,000, and its economy is based on the port activity of San Antonio Este and tourism in the nearby Las Grutas beach resort.